Arjola Musta

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    Misoprostol-only compared with solution of NaCl 20%for induction of second trimester abortion

    A. Manaj, A. Musta (Albania)

    Obsetric Gynecological Hospital Mbreteresha Xheraldine, Tirana, Albania

    Objective. The effect of Misoprostol in induced abortions of second trimester as treatment of choice.

    Design & Method. In our country, the main method to terminate the second trimester pregnancies was the solution of NaCl 20%. These five last years this method is being replaced with misoprostol-only regimen. This was a comperative study. During a 12-month period, were selected and voluntary involved, two groups of healthy pregnant women (13-24 weeks) wishing to terminate their pregnancy due to medical reasons. A total of 80 patients, treated with misoprostol (experiment group) were compared with 77 patients treated with NaCl 20% (control group). Chi Square test for comparison of these proportions was used.

    In the first group of 80 women the abortion was induced by misoprostol (Cytotec) 400 mcg vaginally 3-hourly (x5). The abortion time varied from 18 hours and 20 (pluripara) to 25 hours and 5 minutes (primigravida) hours. In the second group of 77 women abortion induced by intramniotic transabdominal instillation of 20 % NaCl, amounting to 250 ml. The shortest abortion-instillation time was 28 hours and 10 minutes (pluripara), while the longest was 36 hours and 8 minutes (primipara). 2 cases pertaining the first group and 8 cases pertaining to the second one, experienced haemorrhage due to partial retention of the placenta which were subsequently removed by curettage. In the second group we experienced two cases of distacco placenta.

    Results. From data analyses resulted that patients treated with misoprostol have a much lower rate of haemorrhage P=0.01, cramps P=0.02 and curettage after misoprostol/ NaCl administration P=0.3.

    There is no statistically significant difference in the rates of infections P=0.6, pelvic pain P=0.7, diarrhoea P=0.67, and the difference in the amniotic fluid embolism P=0.7 and distacco placenta P=0.7.