Adherence of health workers in the Republic of Kazakhstan to the use of hormonal contraceptives
Nadezhda Kobzar, Nafisa Mirzaraimova, Hadi Leimoyeva Kazakhstan-Russian Medical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan - firstname.lastname@example.org
The number of abortions has reduced by 29% in the period 2000-2013 in the Republic of Kazakhstan (RK). However, abortion rate remains very high per 1000 of fertile age women: 2000 - 30.9, in 2013 - 20.8. Study goal: Identification of the incidence of hormonal contraceptive use in the RK. Study materials:Reports of the MoH RK covering female population health for 2000-2013, reports of pharmacies featuring sales volumes of hormonal contraceptives in the RK for 2004-2013. Study outcomes and their discussion: High rate of abortion per 1000 of fertile age women in the RK is due to low use of contraceptives. Thus, only 30.4% of reproductive age women used contraceptives in 2000, while in 2013 their proportion amounted to 38.2%. Within the structure of contraceptives used in 2000-2013 the first place belongs to IUDs. Regardless of their proved high efficiency the rate of use of hormonal contraceptives among women remains low in the RK. The given indicator made up 2.1% in 2004 and in 2013 - 2.2%. Conclusions: 1. Though abortion numbers have gone down in the RK its rate per 1000 of fertile age women remains rather high; 2. Use of contraceptives for unwanted pregnancy prevention is low. 3. Within the structure of contraceptive use in 2000-2013 the first place belonged to IUDs; 4. The use of state-of-the-art hormonal contraceptives remains inadequate, which implies that abortion remains the principal family planning method.